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dictionnaire:the_morphology_of_classical_latin3 [2015/10/28 18:20]
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dictionnaire:the_morphology_of_classical_latin3 [2016/01/27 17:59] (Version actuelle)
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  Gellius note that this evolution is attested by Vergil   Gellius note that this evolution is attested by Vergil 
  
-    * Vergil //Aen.// 1,636: //munera laetitiamque dii \\  “the gifts and the delight of the day”.  +    * Vergil //Aen.// 1,636: //munera laetitiamque dii//  \\  “the gifts and the delight of the day”.  
  
  
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 There were therefore four forms of Genitive, at least for the word //diē-s//: an archaic form //diē-s//, the usual form //diē-ī// or //die-ī//, and some perhaps progressive forms //diī// and //die//. There were therefore four forms of Genitive, at least for the word //diē-s//: an archaic form //diē-s//, the usual form //diē-ī// or //die-ī//, and some perhaps progressive forms //diī// and //die//.
  
-`          +          
 The Dative of the fifth declension, which is in //-ei// or //-ē//, is rare, because in prose and spoken language, the usual dative (and genitive) of the type //māteriē-s// was //materi-ae//. And according to Gellius,  The Dative of the fifth declension, which is in //-ei// or //-ē//, is rare, because in prose and spoken language, the usual dative (and genitive) of the type //māteriē-s// was //materi-ae//. And according to Gellius, 
  
  
-    * Gellius, IX, 14,21 : //qui purissime locuti sunt, non "faciei", uti nunc dicitur, sed "facie" dixerunt. \\ “in the dative, the purists didn’t say faciei¸ but facie” . +    * Gellius, IX, 14,21 : //qui purissime locuti sunt, non "faciei", uti nunc dicitur, sed "facie" dixerunt.//  \\ “in the dative, the purists didn’t say faciei¸ but facie” . 
    
    
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 In genitive plural and dative-ablative plural, we found actually only //diē-rum rē-rum// and //diē-bus rē-bus//. Priscianus quotes a genitive //faciē-rum// (//Gr. lat.// II, 368 K) which was said to have been used by Cato, but Cicero says that if specierum and speciebus could exist in Latin, he himself could not use them, because they have no declension (//Top.// 2,30); and Quintilianus did not know “what spes will do in plural” (1,6,26). In genitive plural and dative-ablative plural, we found actually only //diē-rum rē-rum// and //diē-bus rē-bus//. Priscianus quotes a genitive //faciē-rum// (//Gr. lat.// II, 368 K) which was said to have been used by Cato, but Cicero says that if specierum and speciebus could exist in Latin, he himself could not use them, because they have no declension (//Top.// 2,30); and Quintilianus did not know “what spes will do in plural” (1,6,26).
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